dangerous moments of high blood pressure

Core clew: patients with high blood pressure because long-term blood pressure is bigger, the blood vessels in the spasticity, so that blood vessel elasticity decreased, and the brittleness increases, if at this time due to some reason contributing to increased blood pressure suddenly, is easy to cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral vascular rupture and causing this for patients with high blood pressure, is undoubtedly the most fatal blow. Therefore, patients with hypertension should try to avoid a sudden rise in blood pressure, especially under the following circumstances, should be more cautious. Due to the long-term pressure on blood vessels, blood vessels are in a spasm state in patients with hypertension, resulting in decreased vascular elasticity and increased brittleness. If blood pressure rises suddenly due to some reason at this time, it is easy to cause cerebral vascular rupture and cerebral hemorrhage, which is undoubtedly the most fatal blow for patients with hypertension. Therefor

20 years of hypertension? Three patients died of hypertension

 Core tip: 20 years of hypertension? 3 cases died of hypertension, 1 common point, early knowledge, and early benefit

Do you really know about hypertension?

Nowadays, the prevalence of hypertension in China is high, but the awareness rate, treatment rate, and control rate are generally low. According to statistics, the number of hypertension patients in China has reached 245 million, but the awareness rate of hypertension is less than 50%, the treatment rate is 40.7%, and the control rate is only 15.3%. In other words, hypertension "do not know" and "no self-control" phenomenon is widespread.


What is the harm of hypertension? That's the complication! Hypertension can cause persistent damage to the heart, kidney, brain, blood vessels, and other tissues and organs, induce cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, coronary heart disease, heart failure, myocardial infarction, renal insufficiency, and other complications, reduce the quality of life of patients, shorten life span.

Some studies have shown that if hypertension is not treated timely or effectively controlled, the average life span of patients with hypertension will be shortened by 20 years.

There was one common point among the three death cases of hypertension.

Case 1: Wang, a 61-year-old male, had a 10-year history of hypertension. He was admitted to the hospital due to sudden headache, nausea, unclear speech, and left limb inflexibility. After examination, the head CT showed cerebral hemorrhage in the right basal ganglia area, the amount of bleeding was about 56 ml, the breathing rate was 80 times/min, the blood pressure was 178 / 111mmhg, and he was in a coma and could not breathe. He was diagnosed with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage and grade 3 hypertension. After treatment, the patient died 3 days later. The cause of death was a cerebral hernia and central respiratory and circulatory failure.

Case 2: patient Zhang, male, 60 years old, with 13 years history of hypertension, did not receive drug treatment. He was admitted to the hospital for chest crushing pain, palpitation, and sweating. ECG examination in the outpatient department showed "acute inferior posterior wall myocardial infarction", breathing 20 times/min, heart rate 104 times/min, blood pressure 180 / 109 mmHg. 30 minutes after rescue, the patient died. The cause of death was cardiac arrest caused by acute myocardial infarction.

Case 3: Qian, a 65-year-old female, has been suffering from hypertension for 19 years. During this period, she took antihypertensive drugs intermittently, and her blood pressure was not well controlled. She sought medical examination due to nausea and vomiting, edema of lower limbs, reduced urination, frequent dizziness, and fatigue. The results showed that Qian suffered from chronic kidney disease, has reached the fourth stage, and combined with urinary tract infection. A week later, Qian's condition developed to uremia stage, and received dialysis treatment. Three weeks later, Qian died of cardiovascular failure.

The above three deaths have one thing in common, that is, the cause is the same, all of them are high blood pressure. Due to the poor control of blood pressure for a long time, it has caused cerebral hemorrhage, acute myocardial infarction, hypertensive nephropathy, and other complications, and ultimately took the lives of patients.

The harm of high blood pressure to the human body is just like "boiling frog in warm water". Unknowingly, the damage focuses on the tissues and organs. When the patient is aware of the abnormality, the body is often already scarred. However, we do not have to be too afraid of hypertension, because as long as active treatment, blood pressure control in the ideal range, can greatly reduce the risk of complications of hypertension.

How to control blood pressure? There are two main measures: drug treatment and lifestyle intervention.

medication

For the vast majority of patients with hypertension, it is necessary to take antihypertensive drugs for a long time and to use drugs scientifically and regularly. First of all, the scientific use of drugs refers to the guidance of doctors, according to the prescription, can not choose drugs without authorization, at present, there are a variety of antihypertensive drugs, patients need to communicate with doctors, adjust the medication plan; second, regular medication refers to taking medicine on time, taking a lot of, not taking more, not missing, not stopping taking. Reasonable drug treatment is the prerequisite to ensure stable blood pressure.

Lifestyle intervention

Treatment of hypertension, not only rely on drug treatment, lifestyle intervention should also be in place. Reasonable diet, less salt, less sugar, less oil, eat more fruits and vegetables, avoid smoking and alcohol; moderate exercise, mainly aerobic exercise, exercise 3-5 times a week, 30-60 minutes each time; regular work and rest, do not stay up late, go to bed early and get up early to ensure adequate sleep, and take an appropriate lunch break for 30-60 minutes; be calm in heart, relax, guard against arrogance and rashness, and maintain emotional stability.

It is suggested that you should provide a sphygmomanometer at home to monitor blood pressure and understand the fluctuation of blood pressure. If the blood pressure continues to be abnormal, you should see a doctor in time.

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