Top 6 Proven Strategies for Daily High Blood Pressure Management

  Introduction Managing high blood pressure is crucial for maintaining long-term health, especially for those at risk of heart disease. Here, we explore six vital daily practices that can significantly influence your blood pressure levels. 1. Eliminate Smoking Smoking increases blood pressure temporarily, and habitual smoking can lead to sustained hypertension. Avoid all forms of tobacco, including smokeless products, to reduce health risks and manage blood pressure more effectively. 2. Maintain a Healthy Weight Being overweight often correlates with higher blood pressure. Shedding even a moderate amount of weight can have a significant impact on your blood pressure levels. Aim for a balanced diet and regular physical activity for gradual and sustainable weight loss. 3. Adopt a Heart-Healthy Diet A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, fish, whole grains, and low-fat dairy can help lower blood pressure. Limit salt intake, as it's a known contributor to hypertension. Consider the DAS

Treatment principle of essential hypertension

 [therapeutic principles of essential hypertension]

The treatment principle of primary hypertension in clinical practice assistant physician examination is the content required by the examination outline

(1) Improve life behavior: ① weight loss: try to make BMI < 25, can improve insulin resistance, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and left ventricular hypertrophy; ② low sodium diet: daily intake of salt < 6G per person is appropriate; ③ supplement potassium and calcium; ④ reduce fat intake; ⑤ limit alcohol consumption; ⑥ increase exercise, reduce mental tension: it is conducive to weight loss, improve insulin resistance and stabilize blood pressure level.

(2) Antihypertensive treatment objects: ① hypertension grade 2 or above (≥ 160 / 100mmhg). ② Hypertension complicated with diabetes, or heart, brain, kidney damage or complications. ③ The patients whose blood pressure continued to rise for more than 6 months but could not improve their life behavior. ④ Cardiovascular risk stratification, belong to high-risk or very high-risk patients.

(3) Blood pressure control target value: in principle, blood pressure should be reduced to the maximum tolerance level of patients. It is generally < 140 / 90mmHg; for patients with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease, it should be < 130 / 80mmHg; for elderly patients with systolic hypertension, systolic blood pressure is 140-150mmhg, diastolic blood pressure is less than 90mmHg, but not less than 65-70mmhg.

[what are the treatments for essential hypertension

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle helps to prevent and delay the occurrence of hypertension.

1. Reduce sodium intake

(1) Salt used in cooking should be reduced as much as possible. It is recommended to use quantitative salt spoon;

(2) Reduce the amount of sodium salt seasoning such as monosodium glutamate and soy sauce;

(3) Eat less or no processed foods with high sodium content, such as pickles, ham, sausage and fried food;

(4) Increase the intake of vegetables and fruits;

(5) If the kidney function is good, use potassium containing cooking salt.

2. Weight control

3. No smoking

4. Limit alcohol consumption

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