How does the life of pulmonary hypertension patient recuperate

  How does the life of pulmonary hypertension patient recuperate? For the treatment of pulmonary hypertension, patients must have more rest, pay attention to more rest at ordinary times, reasonably arrange their own lives, develop good living habits and eating habits, and do a good job of disease prevention. Let's have a detailed understanding.   1. Adequate rest: Adequate rest can relieve the fatigue symptoms caused by pulmonary hypertension.   2. Do not travel or live at high altitudes: Altitude alone can aggravate the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension. If you live at high altitudes, you should consider moving to a lower one.   3. Avoid activities that can cause ultra-low blood pressure, such as taking a sauna or taking a hot bath for too long. They can cause excessive drops in blood pressure, which can lead to fainting or even sudden death. Also, you need to avoid prolonged exertion, such as lifting heavy objects for long periods of time.   4. Find a relaxing ac

Treatment principle of essential hypertension

 [therapeutic principles of essential hypertension]

The treatment principle of primary hypertension in clinical practice assistant physician examination is the content required by the examination outline



(1) Improve life behavior: ① weight loss: try to make BMI < 25, can improve insulin resistance, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and left ventricular hypertrophy; ② low sodium diet: daily intake of salt < 6G per person is appropriate; ③ supplement potassium and calcium; ④ reduce fat intake; ⑤ limit alcohol consumption; ⑥ increase exercise, reduce mental tension: it is conducive to weight loss, improve insulin resistance and stabilize blood pressure level.

(2) Antihypertensive treatment objects: ① hypertension grade 2 or above (≥ 160 / 100mmhg). ② Hypertension complicated with diabetes, or heart, brain, kidney damage or complications. ③ The patients whose blood pressure continued to rise for more than 6 months but could not improve their life behavior. ④ Cardiovascular risk stratification, belong to high-risk or very high-risk patients.

(3) Blood pressure control target value: in principle, blood pressure should be reduced to the maximum tolerance level of patients. It is generally < 140 / 90mmHg; for patients with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease, it should be < 130 / 80mmHg; for elderly patients with systolic hypertension, systolic blood pressure is 140-150mmhg, diastolic blood pressure is less than 90mmHg, but not less than 65-70mmhg.

[what are the treatments for essential hypertension

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle helps to prevent and delay the occurrence of hypertension.

1. Reduce sodium intake

(1) Salt used in cooking should be reduced as much as possible. It is recommended to use quantitative salt spoon;

(2) Reduce the amount of sodium salt seasoning such as monosodium glutamate and soy sauce;

(3) Eat less or no processed foods with high sodium content, such as pickles, ham, sausage and fried food;

(4) Increase the intake of vegetables and fruits;

(5) If the kidney function is good, use potassium containing cooking salt.

2. Weight control

3. No smoking

4. Limit alcohol consumption

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