Hypertension Management: Essential Tips for Patients

  Overview Understanding the key aspects of managing hypertension can significantly enhance your health and well-being. This guide provides valuable tips for those dealing with high blood pressure. Daily Routine Adequate Sleep : Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep per night. Balanced Rest and Work : Ensure your rest is proportionate to your daily workload. Physical Well-being Regular Breaks : Incorporate 15-20 minute breaks to lie down or sit with elevated legs. Posture During Work : For desk jobs, periodically stand for 3-5 minutes to alleviate pressure. Mental Health Stress Management : Opt for lying down or sitting with elevated legs during stressful periods rather than pacing. Sleep Hygiene Leg Elevation : Slightly raise the bed at the foot by 7-10 cm, especially for those with less sleep at night. Use a higher pillow if needed. Morning Routine Gradual Transition : Move slowly from lying down to standing up in the morning. Gentle Exercises : Start the day with light exercises, avoiding stre

Treatment principle of essential hypertension

 [therapeutic principles of essential hypertension]

The treatment principle of primary hypertension in clinical practice assistant physician examination is the content required by the examination outline

(1) Improve life behavior: ① weight loss: try to make BMI < 25, can improve insulin resistance, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and left ventricular hypertrophy; ② low sodium diet: daily intake of salt < 6G per person is appropriate; ③ supplement potassium and calcium; ④ reduce fat intake; ⑤ limit alcohol consumption; ⑥ increase exercise, reduce mental tension: it is conducive to weight loss, improve insulin resistance and stabilize blood pressure level.

(2) Antihypertensive treatment objects: ① hypertension grade 2 or above (≥ 160 / 100mmhg). ② Hypertension complicated with diabetes, or heart, brain, kidney damage or complications. ③ The patients whose blood pressure continued to rise for more than 6 months but could not improve their life behavior. ④ Cardiovascular risk stratification, belong to high-risk or very high-risk patients.

(3) Blood pressure control target value: in principle, blood pressure should be reduced to the maximum tolerance level of patients. It is generally < 140 / 90mmHg; for patients with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease, it should be < 130 / 80mmHg; for elderly patients with systolic hypertension, systolic blood pressure is 140-150mmhg, diastolic blood pressure is less than 90mmHg, but not less than 65-70mmhg.

[what are the treatments for essential hypertension

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle helps to prevent and delay the occurrence of hypertension.

1. Reduce sodium intake

(1) Salt used in cooking should be reduced as much as possible. It is recommended to use quantitative salt spoon;

(2) Reduce the amount of sodium salt seasoning such as monosodium glutamate and soy sauce;

(3) Eat less or no processed foods with high sodium content, such as pickles, ham, sausage and fried food;

(4) Increase the intake of vegetables and fruits;

(5) If the kidney function is good, use potassium containing cooking salt.

2. Weight control

3. No smoking

4. Limit alcohol consumption

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